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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis is a social disease

Description

Tuberculosis is one of the so-called social diseases, the occurrence of which is associated with the living conditions of the population. According to the intensity of TB can be judged to some extent on the socio-economic situation in the country or region.

affects mainly the lungs, but the process can affect any organ system (bones, kidneys, almost any other organ). mycobacteria may be in the air for several hours, creating a risk of infection, even for those who have had no contact with the patient.

Specific immunity to tuberculosis produced only after infection, but to it there is an innate immunity. Susceptibility to tuberculosis is particularly high in infancy, the school is reduced, and at puberty increases again. In addition to age in the appearance of the disease plays the role of the level of resistance of the organism. normally there is a resistance to tuberculosis. This leads to the fact that all of the people who are in contact with the agent, only a part ill.

Recently, we can talk about a new and very dangerous form of tuberculosis. There is a development of pathogens, multidrug-resistant. Drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis makes this such a disease as dangerous as before the advent of antibiotics in 1944.

Symptoms

are the following stages of tuberculosis:

  • primary infection - the site of entry of infection arises local inflammation. Hence bacteria penetrate the nearby lymph nodes and formed the so called "primary complex." General state of health in most cases slightly disturbed. Perhaps the appearance of fatigue, weight loss, loss of appetite, night sweats, dry skin. Most of the infectious focus is calcined and the development of TB is stopped at this stage
  • latent (hidden) infection - due to weakening of the body's defenses or soda from a fresh outbreak can occur, and the spread of the pathogen formation of numerous lesions in other organs (lung, spleen, liver, brain, meninges, bones). Especially dangerous for kids tuberculous meningitis (inflammation of the meninges) and bone tuberculosis.
  • recurrent tuberculosis adult-type - manifest tuberculous lesions in many organs, accompanied by fever, a significant loss of strength. often the lungs to form cavities (cavities) which can break into the bronchi, thereby pathogens excrete (open tuberculosis).

In 90-95% of cases of primary infection goes unnoticed, leaving only positive tuberculin skin test and latent infection. the latter can move into the active form at any age.

Treatment

All patients with newly diagnosed TB can be cured, the main thing - to do it right. Treatment should be continuous and have to be carried out simultaneously by several anti-TB drugs. Each of 4-5 drugs that the patient takes every day for 6 months, have different impacts on Koch's bacillus, and only their joint application can achieve the goal - to destroy it completely.

to cure some quality anti-TB drugs are not enough. Patients were also prescribed physical therapy, gymnastics and dyhatelnauyu drugs that raise immunity.

Improper treatment converts easily curable form of the disease to intractable drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Surgery - removal of part of the lung - is used only in advanced cases of tuberculosis.

untreated active tuberculosis mortality up to 50% within one to two years. The remaining 50% of the untreated tuberculosis becomes chronic.

Treatment of medical devices DETA (DETA)

TB treatment is using a medical device Deta AP . We need to use all TB programs which are in the program. Held daily until clinical cure. That is, if X-ray examination of all to disappear. It's 10 treatment programs that need to be put at the same time every day for a month, followed by clinical observation.