GWD or else his name guinea worm - bot group of nematodes , females called roundworms. The disease is most common in tropical and subtropical regions of Africa and Asia. name "GWD" is derived from the phrase "The defeat of the small dragons»
parasite is ingested orally: the ingestion of water containing copepods infected with Guinea worm larvae. When injected into the drill it guinea worm gut wall and into the lymphatics and then penetrates into the body cavity where undergoes two successive larvae and reaches puberty. After mating, the males die and the females migrate to the skin, which are located in the subcutaneous tissue. There, females continue to grow and reach a length of 80 cm in contact zarazhnnnogo skin area with water doe pokes out the front end of the body and throws the water numerous larvae that for ring closure to infect copepods cancer.
Pathogenesis and Treatment
nematodes that live in the subcutaneous tissue leads to the emergence of easy-open itchy pustules. The greatest danger is a secondary infection of the wound area
accepted that exist, only the traditional methods of treatment dracunculiasis. The traditional method has been described in an Egyptian text of the middle of the second millennium BC, this method is the following:
- incision is made in the skin Next
- of the cut gets the worm
- Worm wound on the rod
This procedure is very painful and takes a long time - this process can take up to several days. This is all done in order to worm does not break and the wound did not get toxic liquid.
But today, there are treatments that help you get rid of this parasite effectively and quickly enough, the speed of recovery from the parasite depends on the neglect of the patient.
From drakunkuzela can get rid of a handheld device bio-resonance therapy Deta-Ap .
population of this parasite infection and it has dropped significantly since 1986, when it recorded 3.5 million cases of Guinea worm disease in 20 Asian and African countries. State by 2009, has shown no more than 4,000 cases of infection by the parasite. In the four remaining endemic countries succeeded in reducing the number and more in particular in Ghana achieved 97% reduction from 242 cases in 2009 to 8 cases in 2010. Total for 2010 cases were registered in 1797. Unfortunately, Chad reported the first cases of the disease, which had not been since 1998, ten cases were reported in 7 villages in 5 districts. The source of these cases is not yet clear. The total number of cases in 2011 was 1060. Of these, 1,030 were registered in Southern Sudan. Mali reported 12; Chad reported on 10 and Ethiopia on 8.